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Chapels and Chapel Decoration
ART AND ARCHITECTURE IN EUROPE 1250-1400
CHAPELS AND CHAPEL DECORATIONS
Chapels within the context of great churches
Slide 1: Cluny III, begun 1088
Slide 2: St-Denis, begun 1137 for Abbot Suger
Slide 3: Paris, Notre-Dame, begun 1163
Slide 4: Paris, Notre-Dame, nave chapels
Slide 5: Paris, Notre-Dame, choir chapels
Nave chapels from 1220s, transept facades from c. 1245, choir chapels given by upper echelons of court and Paris burghers from 1290s
Slide 6: Amiens Cathedral, begun 1220
Slide 7: Amiens Cathedral, la Grange Chapel
I cannot find an image of the del la Grange chapel,only the tomb
de la Grange chapels added c. 1375, with exterior religious/dynastic/courtly imagery
Slide 8: Florence, Sta Maria Novella
Slide 9: Florence, S. Croce
Slide 10: Florence, S. Croce, Bardi Chapel
Bardi Chapel, Giotto Life of St Francis
Slide 11: Florence, S. Croce, Peruzzi Chapel
1320, Giotto di Bondone
Fresco, 280 x 450 cm
Peruzzi Chapel, Santa Croce, Florence
Scenes from the Life of St John the Baptist: 3. Feast of Herod
This is a double scene. The larger part represents the dance of Salome before Herod, and the accompanying man playing on a musical instrument, while on the right the head of St John is handed over to her.
The fresco is strongly faded, however, the whole composition can be seen.
Slide 12: Florence, S. Croce, Baroncelli Chapel
Giotto di Bondone
Fresco, 280 x 450 cm
Cappella Bardi, Santa Croce, Florence
Death and Ascension of St Francis
In the Bardi Chapel, Giotto painted scenes from the life of St Francis for which the cycle at Assisi served as a model. The limited space in the chapel made it necessary to restrict the number of episodes represented.
There is an admirable balance maintained between the studied precision of the composition and the eloquent expression of grief in the Death and Ascension of St Francis, where a small group of friars is gathered round the pale figure of the dead saint, expressing their profound sorrow with great dignity.
The Bardi Chapel was completely whitewashed in the eighteenth century, and tombs were built against its walls. The frescoes were uncovered in 1852, the missing parts filled in, and the whole surface repainted. When the repaint was removed in 1958-59, the original frescoes reappeared in fair condition, save for the unsightly gaps.
Mendicant churches of Sta Maria Novella and S. Croce (begun 1294; Bardi- and Peruzzi Chapels (Giotto wall paintings), Baroncelli Chapel (tomb, Taddeo Gaddi — wall paintings, Giotto altarpiece), Bardi di Vernio Chapel (tomb, wall paintings by Maso di Banco)
Slide 14: St-Germer-de-Fly, Lady Chapel, c. 1260
Slide 16: Wells, Lady Chapel
Some detail of the polygonal Lady Chapel. This section of the Cathedral was completed by 1326. The Chapel is dedicated to the Mother of Jesus.
retro-choir and ambulatory, begun 1323 by Thomas of Witney Ely, Lady Chapel, begun 1321
Slide 17: Reims, bishop's palace chapel, 1230s
Slide 18: Paris, Ste-Chapelle
Part of the Palais de la Cite, 1241-8 for Louis IX, including sculpture,
for Edward I by Michael of Canterbury, interior decoration of upper chapel c. 1350 for Edward III
for Emperor Charles IV, with wall paintings by Master Theodoric and others, semi-precious stones, gold-and glass surfaces
Slide 25: Padua, Scrovegni (Arena) Chapel, 1304/13
by Duke Philip the Bold of Burgundy, portal of church
Mourners from the Tomb of Jean, Duc de Berry
Museum, Bourges, Cher, France
Jean de Cambrai more
Â© Laurence Shafe, 2010. Designed by: Template World.